Reading and Web Resources

Albert, DA. 1995. Regional landscape ecosystems of Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin: a working map and classification. In General Technical Report. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station.

Barnes, Burton V., Christopher Dick, and Melanie Gunn. 2015. Michigan Shrubs and Vines- A Guide to Species of the Great Lakes Region. Ann Arbor, MI 48104-3209: University of Michigan Press.

Barnes, B. V., and W. H. Wagner. 2004. Michigan Trees: A Guide to the Trees of the Great Lakes Region. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Cohen, Joshua G., Bradford S. Slaughter, Michael A. Kost, and Dennis A. Albert. 2015. A field guide to the natural communities of Michigan. East Lansing, Michigan: Michigan State University Press.

The Michigan Natural Features website <> offers additional related information.

Dorr, J. A., and D. F. Eschman. 1970. Geology of Michigan. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Medlin, Julie Jones. 1996. Michigan lichens, Bulletin. Bloomfield Hills, Mich.: Cranbrook Institute of Science.

Nadelhoffer, Knute J., Alan J. Hogg, and Brian A. Hazlett. 2010. The changing environment of northern Michigan : a century of science and nature at the University of Michigan Biological Station. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. This highly informative collection of essays leads the reader on a virtual field trip through the “tip of the mitt” in the Douglas Lake area. The well-written chapters offer a summary of research conducted in the area and cover the history, geology, ecosystems and habitats in enlightening detail.

Schaetzl, Randall J., Joe T. Darden, and Danita S. Brandt. 2009. Michigan geography and geology. New York: Custom Publishing. availability:

Voss, Edward G. Botanical Beachcombers and Explorers: Pioneers of the 19th Century In the Upper Great Lakes. Volume 13, Contributions From the University of Michigan Herbarium

Voss, Edward G., and Anton Reznicek. 2012. Field manual of Michigan flora. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Michigan Flora online <> provides additional information. 

Weatherbee, Ellen Elliott. 2006. Guide to Great Lakes coastal plants. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.